Wood is a very popular natural building material. However, it is quite vulnerable to adverse external factors, so the need for staining arises quite often. Proper treatment of wooden surfaces significantly increases their durability and wear resistance. Wood paint can be purchased at the Trade Point online store.
What Problems Does Painting a Wooden Surface Solve?
Modern paints and varnishes can prevent:
- rotting and oxidation of wood;
- its drying and fading;
- mold and insect infestation.
Painted wooden structures acquire improved performance and increased attractiveness. However, in order to obtain the desired result, one finishing paint will not be enough: you will first have to apply special impregnations and primers. They fill the wood pores and prepare the base for subsequent decorative work. Only such an integrated approach provides the finished surface with excellent technical characteristics. What paint to choose in the Trade Point online store for wood?
What To Look For When Choosing Paint
When choosing the right composition, you should pay attention to several factors.
- Variety of wood. Different breeds have their own characteristics, which affect the quality of staining.
- Operating conditions. Surfaces in the premises and outside the building are exposed to varying degrees of intensity. When buying paints and varnishes, it is recommended to take into account: humidity, the presence of sunlight, exposure to smoke, temperature changes, mechanical stress and some other nuances.
- Surface pretreatment. For the most effective protection of wood and a long service life, the surface must be primed before painting. This will enhance the protective properties and ensure the leveling of the absorbent substrate.
previously applied formulations. The primer must be compatible with the paint. Otherwise, it is better to completely remove the previously applied layer.
All types of paints and varnishes for wood can be purchased at the Trade Point online store.
What Types Of Paints Are There For Wood
Glazing azures and antiseptics, varnishes, water impregnations and stains, as well as opaque paints and enamels are used for woodworking. Let’s consider each type in more detail.
Glazing coatings (impregnation, azure, varnishes). Through the applied layer, the texture of the tree is clearly visible. Such materials help to preserve the natural look of the wooden surface and give a decorative effect, emphasizing the dignity of the surface.
Covering compositions (oil, alkyd, acrylic paints). These materials are made on a different basis, both solvent-based and water-based. Alkyd and oil paints are more traditional and affordable, but less durable. Acrylic paints are famous for their durability and wear resistance. Also, their advantages include quick drying and no smell.
Opaque enamels (alkyd, acrylic, polyurethane). These compounds are also produced with the participation of polymers. After drying, they form a hard layer resembling a “crust”, which provides them with resistance to external factors. The most affordable is alkyd enamel. It reliably protects the wooden surface from moisture, but such compounds are the most toxic.
Polyurethane paints are characterized by good elasticity, due to which they are immune to mechanical stress and last longer than others.
The entire list of paints for wood can be ordered on the Trade Point website.
Let us dwell in detail on the most common paints that can be used for wood processing.
Acrylic paints and enamels. Acrylic paints and enamels are water-based and practically odorless, dry quickly, are environmentally friendly and durable. Such materials are usually great for outdoor and indoor use. Modern covering materials have a wide range of colors, while the brightness of the coatings is maintained for a long time. Any method (brush, roller or spray gun) can be used to apply the compositions. Facade covering paints perfectly withstand high and low temperatures, as well as direct ultraviolet rays, since they usually contain special additives (wax, oil, UV filters and light-resistant pigments). The paint protects the surface of the wood from destruction when exposed to moisture, without clogging its pores. Water-borne materials must not be stored at sub-zero temperatures.
Alkyd paints and enamels. Attract affordable cost and a variety of shades, and you can tint them yourself. Such materials are allowed to be used both for internal and external works, since they tolerate precipitation and other adverse external influences well. However, organic solvent paints are less preferred for interiors because of the pungent odor. It is possible to operate structures treated with this type of material even at temperatures above -30 ° C. Such a surface dries within 8-24 hours, but the paint almost does not penetrate into the wood fibers. It is customary to use alkyd compounds for wooden street structures, entrance doors or window frames.
Oil paints. They perfectly protect the tree from water, but in terms of performance they are in many ways inferior to other analogues. In particular, they dry for a relatively long time of about 2 days, smell strongly and often form smudges. You should also take into account their poor compatibility with other paints and varnishes and insufficient wear resistance. Inexpensive oil paints fade very quickly in the sun. However, these materials also have advantages: low consumption and excellent elasticity.
Water-based paints based on polymers. The main advantages of these compounds are the absence of smell and environmental safety. They are not suitable for outdoor work, because they do not tolerate high humidity and other adverse external factors. Because of this feature, they are also not recommended for use in the kitchen, in the bathroom or in the bath. However, some varieties, due to the presence of special polymers in the composition, acquire the necessary water resistance. But their cost is quite high compared to other paints of this type.
Polyurethane paints and varnishes. Often used for staining wooden floors and furniture. These compounds are not toxic, and the layer they form is resistant to mechanical stress and elasticity.
Polyester paints. These materials are made using polyester resins. They are expensive, so they are used mainly in the restoration work on wood. They are also used for decorative processing of various products.
Nitrolacs. Used for decorative processing of wooden products and elements indoors. These compounds are flammable, susceptibility to ultraviolet rays, so they are not used for the street. Their main field of application is the finishing of wooden furniture and indoor elements.
All the best paint and varnish materials can be ordered on the Trade Point website.
Outdoor Paint Requirements
When choosing paint for outdoor use, you should pay attention to how resistant it is to a number of factors:
- sun rays;
- high and low temperatures;
- detergents and chemicals;
- the development of the fungus;
- breeding of pests.
Such compositions are allowed to be used in the temperature range from -40 to +50 degrees. It is desirable that they easily and evenly lie on the surface, have protective and decorative properties. Outdoor paints must be wear-resistant, vapor-permeable and durable.
For painting objects on the street, you can safely use water-based facade materials and acrylic enamels. If you have to save the budget, then a good option is alkyd enamels, but keep in mind that such a coating will last a much shorter period.
All types of paints can be bought at the Trade Point online store.
Interior Paint Requirements
Interior paints must meet the following criteria:
- health safety;
- high drying rate;
- no strong odor.
Wear resistance for such materials is not so important. Exceptions include paints for floors, bathrooms or kitchens. Acrylic and polyurethane water-dispersion compositions are ideal for indoor surface treatment. However, they are relatively expensive, which limits their growth in popularity.
Thus, the choice of paints and varnishes is influenced by many factors: from the financial capabilities of the buyer to the operating conditions of the painted products. If you have any difficulties, you can always seek help from consultants in the Trade Point online store.